a. Test Conditions.
b. Connect `the negative terminal of the bat-
(1) Temperature. Since the starter genera-
tery to terminal E- on the terminal board.
tor is self-cooled, no cooling air is required. Check
c. Apply battery current to the field for 5 sec-
that the ambient temperature is 77 27 F (25
onds by closing the knife switch.
d. Repeat the operation several times to be
(2) Direction of rotation. Drive the starter
sure that the field is properly flashed.
generator in a counterclockwise direction, as
Caution: Use a knife switch when flashing
viewed from the drive end, during all tests.
the field. Opening the circuit at the starter gen-
(3) Plastic windows. It is recommended that
erator or battery terminals can result in severe
a transparent plastic window strap be used dur-
damage to the terminals or explosion of the bat-
ing the brush seating procedure, so that the com-
mutator end brushes will be visible. A spare
brush access cover can be modified in the shop
by cutting out squares, and riveting transparent
a. Remove the brush access cover and replace
non-flammable plastic window panes in place on
it with the plastic window strap. (Refer to para-
) The brush "run-in" can now
Caution: Do not operate the starter gen-
erator without the brush access cover in place,
b. Operate the starter generator at the rated
as overheating may occur.
speed until the face of each brush contacts the
commutator 100 percent in the direction of rota-
(4) Mounting. The starter generator should
tion and for at least 75 percent of brush dimen-
be mounted on aircraft generator test stand
(7199-1), or an equivalent test stand, capable of
must be no evidence of excessive grooving or
driving the generator continuously over the rated
other surface damage to the face of the brush.
speed. The longitudinal axis of the generator
c. There must be no sparking except for fine
should be horizontal.
pinpoint sparking at the generator brushes.
(5) Excitation. The starter generator should
Brushes should be removed from their brush
be self-excited and controlled by a suitable vari-
holders for periodic inspection.
Note. If the brushes are removed from the
Note. The shunt field current should not be
brush holders, be sure to return each brush to the brush
considered as part of the starter generator load current.
holder from which it was removed.
(6) Load location. The load for the starter
Stall Torque Test
generator should be located so that it will not af-
a. Mount the starter generator on starter
fect the ambient temperature.
torque tester, type B1.
(7) Warm-up. The starter generator should
the spline coupling
of the torque
be operated at a continuous operating speed de-
coupling arm to the spline of drive shaft assem-
livering the rated load at the rated voltage, to
obtain a constant temperature.
ends of the torque coupling arm in the shackle
(8) Voltage measurements. The voltages
suspended from the scale.
should be measured between terminals E and B.
(9) Shunt field voltage. The voltage drop
across the shunt field should be measured be-
b. Test Equipment. When performing stall
torque test, use starter torque tester, type B-1.
To be sure that the d-c magnetic circuit retains
enough residual magnetism to allow the starter
generator voltage to build up properly, flash the
field as described in steps a through d.
a. Connect the positive terminal of a 12-volt
battery through a singlepole, single throw knife
switch to terminal A+ on terminal board (49,